Bitter Fruit - Kim, Claire Jean - Yale University Press
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The Politics of Black-Korean Conflict in New York City
Winner of the American Political Science Association’s 2001 Ralph Bunche Award for the best scholarly work in political science
Winner of the 2000 Best Book on Racial Power and Social Movement Theory Award of the American Political Science Association section on Race, Ethnicity, and Politics
Conflict between Blacks and Koreans has increased in American cities during the past two decades. In this timely book, Claire Jean Kim investigates the most prolonged episode of such conflict—the Flatbush Boycott of 1990, when Black nationalist and Haitian activists led a boycott and picketing campaign against two Korean-owned produce stores in Flatbush, Brooklyn. Drawing on years of in-depth interviewing, Kim helps us understand why Black activists engage in such collective actions and why other parties respond as they do.
Kim rejects conventional wisdom that Black-Korean conflict constitutes racial scapegoating, the irrational venting of Black rage on Korean merchants. She argues instead that it is in response to White dominance in American society, which generates a distinct racial order that encourages conflict among different groups, provokes racial resistance, and delegitimates and silences such resistance. Kim asserts that the Flatbush Boycott was part of a larger resurgence of Black Power activism in New York City, that Haitian immigrants mobilized out of overlapping transnational and racial identities, and that Korean Americans responded by launching a countermovement seeking to restore the status quo. Racial protests are inevitable, she says, as long as conditions of racial injustice prevail.
Claire Jean Kim is assistant professor in the Department of Political Science and the Asian American Studies program at the University off California, Irvine.