Rebels, Mavericks, and Heretics in Biology - Harman, Oren; Dritschilo, William; Weber, Bruce; Despret, Vinciane; Sepkoski, David; Borrello, Mark; Comfort, Nathaniel; Crow, James F; Tobias, Philip V.; Kevles, Daniel; Falk, Raphael; Horder, Tim; Hull, David; Lewontin, R. C; Prebble, John; Ruse, Michael; Saap, Jan; Segrestrale, Ullica; Deichmann, Ute; Dietrich, Michael; Allen, Garland - Yale University Press


Rebels, Mavericks, and Heretics in Biology

  • Edited and with an Introduction by Oren Harman and Michael R. Dietrich and with an Epilogue by R.C. Lewontin
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This book is the first devoted to modern biology’s innovators and iconoclasts: men and women who challenged prevailing notions in their fields. Some of these scientists were Nobel Prize winners, some were considered cranks or gadflies, some were in fact wrong. The stories of these stubborn dissenters are individually fascinating. Taken together, they provide unparalleled insights into the role of dissent and controversy in science and especially the growth of biological thought over the past century.


Each of the book’s nineteen specially commissioned chapters offers a detailed portrait of the intellectual rebellion of a particular scientist working in a major area of biology--genetics, evolution, embryology, ecology, biochemistry, neurobiology, and virology as well as others. An introduction by the volume’s editors and an epilogue by R. C. Lewontin draw connections among the case studies and illuminate the nonconforming scientist’s crucial function of disturbing the comfort of those in the majority. By focusing on the dynamics and impact of dissent rather than on “winners” who are credited with scientific advances, the book presents a refreshingly original perspective on the history of the life sciences.


Scientists featured in this volume:

Alfred Russel Wallace 

Hans Driesch

Wilhelm Johannsen

Raymond Arthur Dart

C. D. Darlington

Richard Goldschmidt

Barbara McClintock

Oswald T. Avery

Roger Sperry

Leon Croizat

Vero Copner Wynne-Edwards

Peter Mitchell

Howard Temin

Motoo Kimura

William D. Hamilton

Carl Woese

Stephen Jay Gould

Thelma Rowell

Daniel S. Simberloff

Oren Harman is associate professor, Graduate Program for Science, Technology and Society, Committee on Interdisciplinary Studies, Bar Ilan University, Israel. Michael R. Dietrich is professor, Department of Biological Sciences, Dartmouth College.